Difference between revisions of "Zortrax M200 3D printer"
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==Health & Safety==
==Health & Safety==
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[https://mettcom.com/mecanizados-precision mecanizado de precision]
[https://mettcom.com/mecanizados-precision mecanizado de precision
Revision as of 17:19, 11 February 2020
- 1 ZORTRAX 3D PRINTER
- 2 MATERIALS
ZORTRAX 3D PRINTER
Zortrax is a Polish manufacturer of 3D printers and filaments for SMB market and rapid prototyping for industries, including robotics and automation, architecture, industrial design, engineering, aviation, industrial automation. Zortrax machines work with dedicated software, firmware and filaments.
Zortrax manufactures Layer Plastic Deposition (LPD) technology. The technology is using three-dimensional data to create three-dimensional model in layer after layer process.
- Build volume: Length: 200mm, Width: 200mm, Height: 180mm
- Layer resolution: 90-400 microns
- Minimal wall thickness: 400 microns / optimal-800 microns
- Nozzle diameter: 0.4 mm (0.016 in)
- Build volume: 200 x 200 x 180 mm (7.9 x 7.9 x 7.1 in)
- Material diameter: 1.75 mm (0.069 in)
- Layer Resolution: 90 – 400 microns
- Minimal Wall Thickness: 400 microns
- Nozzle diameter: 0.3 mm (0.012 in), 0.4 mm (0.016 in), 0.6 mm (0.024 in)
Health & Safety
Emissions testing from polymer filament desktop 3D printers found that some plastic filament materials, when heated, were found to release chemicals “known to be hazardous to health”, such as styrene and isocyanates. These printers emit many particles that can potentially enter the airways and lungs and should only be operated when enclosed by a hood with a filtered ventilation system to reduce particle emission rates by 97%.
Layer Plastic Deposition is a technology in which printer is melting thermoplastic material (filament) in the extruder and apply it precisely on heated platform layer after layer. Zortrax M200 dedicated printing materials are: Z-ABS, Z-ULTRAT, Z-GLASS, Z-HIPS, Z-PCABS, Z-PETG, Z-ESD, Z-ASA Pro, Z-PLA Pro, Zortrax M300: Z-HIPS, Z-PETG, Z-GLASS, Z-ESD, Z-ASA Pro, Z-PLA Pro and Zortrax Inventure - Z-PLA, Z-PETG, Z-SUPPORT.
- Z-ULTRAT: Z-ULTRAT is a versatile materials that lets you prototype models with features of products manufactured using injection moulding technology, all in-house. The strong, stable, and time-resistant material is available in a wide range of colours. Applications: functional prototypes end-use parts casing prototypes for testing end-use casing parts for low volume production prototypes of consumer products mechanical parts simulating properties of elements made in injection moulding elements required to be durable and stable over time
- Z-HIPS: Use Z-HIPS to significantly reduce warping and visibly shorten the time you’re spending on post-processing. The material has a unique mat structure that absorbs light and reduces the visibility of minor flaws. It’s great for printing bigger part, housing or architectural prototypes. Applications: models with large, flat surfaces architecture mockups casing elements for testing end-use casing parts for low volume production prototypes of consumer products prototypes of mechanical parts
- Z-GLASS: Translucent structures. Its light-transmitting surface makes it applicable in automotive, industrial design, and architecture projects. Applications: concept models that are to imitate glass or translucent plastic functional prototypes of translucent objects translucent decorative elements parts required to be resistant to salts, acids, alkalis, and solvents
- Z-PETG: Durable material. It’s highly resistant to salts, acids, and alkalis. The models will have a glossy surface that is also resistant to impact, time, and UV light. Applications: parts required being resistant to salts, acids, alkalis, and solvents machine components elements requiring resistance to greases and oils packaging prototypes prototypes of mechanical parts
- Z-PCABS: Z-PCABS emerged from combining two durable materials. Therefore it’s durable and impact resistant, suited for producing casings. It’s also resistant to temperatures, UV lights, and chemicals. The resistance made it a great material for automotive. Applications: consumer electronics casings automotive parts parts required to be resistant to temperature structural components
- Z-ABS: For printing concept models, mockups, gadgets, or figurines. Choose from a wide range of colours to catch the attention to your project. Applications: concept models gadgets and figurines display models models with moderate functional and testing properties
PLA (polylactic acid) is the quintessential material for 3d printing, thanks to its ease of use through deposition. It is recommended to begin in this type of manufacturing technology with this material. A great variety of colours exist and complex geometries can be achieved without great difficulty. The finish is slightly glossy or semi-matte. Printing is carried out at temperatures ranging between 195º and 220° C, depending on the supplier of the material and printing speed. A layer fan is required to build overhangs. It easily attaches to the glass, and if you work at a hotbed temperature ranging 45º C-55º C, no product is required to ensure this adherence. The mechanical properties are average, but presents a certain fragility in parts requiring deformation, from a temperature of about 50 °, the parts can present it. It is dissolved in caustic soda.
ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) is one of the most widely used materials in 3d printing, and makes up for some of the weaknesses of the PLA. Printing with ABS is more complex and requires some attention. ABS is not recommended for inexperienced users. The variety of colours is also very high and the finish is semi-matte or matte. The ABS is printed at temperatures between 210º C and 240º C depending on the supplier of the material and printing speed. The ABS performs better with overhangs, and needs less air into the fan layer (excess air can be harmful). Adherence to the platform is weaker than with the PLA, due to material shrinkage on cooling, and often requires adhesive coating despite working with a hotbed temperature of 70 ° C. If the geometry of the piece to be printed has a too large base, is further promotes adherence problem due to the large lift effect that occurs at the opposite ends of the workpiece (known as warping).
Filaflex is a flexible material that comes in different colors. Requires the use of a 0.6 mm nozzle. Speed 10mm/s Temperature 235ºC Hodbed 40ºC
Z-SUITE Software: prepare STL
Zortrax Z-SUITE software is created specifically for Zortrax machines. Z-SUITE allows opening a .stl, .obj or .dxf file and set printing preferences. It is the only 3D printing software in which users are able to convert 2D files into 3D models and cut models directly in Z-SUITE software. It is dedicated for both Windows and Mac users. Zortrax developed an application for storing and downloading 3D models - the Zortrax Library. It is available in both Z-SUITE and online.
- Download Z-SUITE here: http://support.zortrax.com/downloads/
Normal print settings
LAYER THICKNESS choose the height of a single layer: 0,09mm/0,14mm/0,19mm/0,29mm/0,39mm (depending on the material). Finer layers provide better surface quality but make the printing process more time and material consuming.
HIGH/NORMAL High quality gives better looking prints but increases the printing time. Infill: choose the amount of infill of the model by adjusting the slider (from 10 to 70%). The more infill you choose, the more material will be used during the printing process and it will take more time to print your model.
SUPPORT – Select the angle at which the support structure is generated. 20° is the default option. It means that for all hanging parts of the model the support structure is generated at a 20° angle. Angle 0° angle = WITHOUT SUPPORT Angle 80° angle = BIG SUPPORT
SUPPORT LITE – Choose this option to generate the support structure without the outer perimeter. Support lite consumes less material and it is easier to remove.
PRINT COOLING – You can choose the fan speed, which cools down the model that is being printed. Cooling is not useful for big prints without any thin parts, whereas high cooling is better for small and thin prints. We recommend leaving the default option. The printer will adjust the fan speed according
Advanced print settings
SEAM – It allows you to choose the starting point of the new layer (normal or random) SURFACE
LAYERS – Use this function if you aim at achieving a thicker finishing of the model. It helps you to choose the amount of layers at the top and at the bottom OFFSET – this option helps to correct the internal and external dimensions of a model (in millimetres). It is possible to modify outer contours and holes dimension.
FAN SPEED – You can choose the speed of the fan, which cools down the model. Cooling is not useful for big prints without any thin parts, whereas high cooling is better for small and thin prints. We recommend leaving the default option – AUTO. The printer
INFILL Advanced: MESH – Prints the model with 0% infill with horizontal surfaces (top and bottom) and the walls
SHELL – Prints the model with 0% infill and no top and bottom surface layers. This option allows to choose the amount of the model wall. If you want the bottom layer to be printed, check the BOTTOM surface layer box while choosing SHELL infill.
NOZZLE SIZE: 0.4mm by default.
LARGE PRINTS The problem of warping is frequent with large prints. Bigger models often shrink and that’s why they do not stick to the platform while printing. Additionally, it is better to choose low density of infill (medium or light) or, if low density is problematic, choose mesh option. For large prints with no precise details the optimum layer thickness is 0,19mm or 0,29mm.
PRINTING SMALL OBJECTS Very small objects require some additional options such as the appropriate FAN SPEED and LAYER THICKNESS. Set the lowest possible layer thickness and the additional FAN SPEED to 80-100%.
PRINTING MOVEBLE PARTS While printing movable parts, it is important to keep proper spaces between particular parts. The minimum space requirement is 0.4mm for these kinds of prints.
How to print step by step
- 1- Save your model on the Zortrax SD CARD
- 2- Insert the SD CARD on the machine
- 3- (Load the material – Use this option to change the material)
- 4- Select the model.
- 5- Print the model.
- 6- When it’s done, heat the platform.
- 7- Detach the model with the spatula.
- 8- Detach the raft by hand.
- 9- Use pliers and scalpel to remove the support structure from your model.
Models >Name of the model > Print
Maintenance > Heat the platform
Material > Load the material . Use this option to change the material.